A key set of guidelines used by most organizations for securing information is called the CIA Triad: Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability.
- Confidentiality: Accessible and readable only by authorized personnel.
- Integrity: Data is not manipulated by unauthorized personnel.
- Availability: Ensuring data is available to the user whenever it is required. It should also support hardware maintenance, regular upgrades, recovery, network bottleneck, and data backup.